8 Reasons Why You May Be Experiencing Frequent Urination

Frequent urination can be a sign of a variety of underlying medical conditions, ranging from small kidney stones to something as serious as diabetes.

Learn about the eight most common causes of frequent urination and how to treat them naturally.

Identify the Symptoms of Excessive Urination

Symptoms of excessive urination can vary and may include:

  • A sudden urge to urinate,
  • Excessive thirst,
  • Difficulty sleeping,
  • Needing to wake up several times during the night to use the bathroom,and
  • Feeling like you can’t hold your urine,
  • Pain or burning while urinating,
  • An increased frequency of urinary tract infections, or abdominal discomfort.

If these symptoms become persistent or worsen over time, be sure to speak with a doctor as soon as possible.

Causes of Frequent Urination

There are several common causes of frequent urination, and it’s important to take note if you suddenly feel the need to urinate more than usual.

Causes range from simple lifestyle factors like caffeine consumption and overeating to medical issues like diabetes or a urinary tract infection.

Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary tract infection CDC

A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is a common cause of frequent urination.

This type of infection occurs when bacteria or fungi enter the urinary tract and multiply, causing irritation and inflammation.

Symptoms range from:

  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Strong-smelling or cloudy urine,
  • Pain in the lower abdomen,
  • Fatigue,
  • Fever, and
  • Chills.

Natural treatments for UTIs include drinking plenty of water and cranberry juice, taking probiotics, and using essential oil remedies.

If frequent urination is caused by a urinary tract infection, it’s important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Antibiotics may be required to get rid of the infection and reduce symptoms.

Other lifestyle changes that may help with this condition include drinking plenty of fluids, wearing loose-fitting clothing, and emptying your bladder frequently.

Additionally, preventive measures such as avoiding dehydration, wiping from front to back after using the bathroom, and avoiding products containing fragrances or dyes can also help reduce the risk of recurrent UTIs.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy

One common cause of frequent urination is pregnancy. As the uterus grows during pregnancy, it can press against the bladder, causing more frequent trips to the bathroom. This can be especially true in the third trimester, when the uterus has grown to its largest size and begins putting pressure on other organs.

Additionally, pregnant women experience an increase in urine production due to an increase in blood volume and hormonal changes.

As a result, pregnant women often have to use the restroom more frequently than usual, particularly at night. This is caused by an increase in hormones that reduce the amount of urine produced during sleep. Women may have to make multiple trips to the bathroom overnight as a result, which can disrupt their sleep quality and leave them feeling tired during the day.

While this increase in urination tends to lessen after giving birth, it is common for some women to maintain increased frequency even after their baby has been born.

Prostate Enlargement

Causes of Frequent urination

An enlarged prostate, a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is another common cause of frequent urination.

As the prostate gland enlarges, it can place pressure on the bladder and urethra, which makes it harder to completely empty your bladder. BPH can also lead to more frequent and urgent trips to the bathroom.

Men over 50 should get regular medical checkups to check for any signs of prostate enlargement.

In addition to frequent urination, there can be other symptoms associated with BPH, such as difficulty urinating, a weak or intermittent urine stream, difficulty starting and stopping the flow of urine, and straining when trying to pass urine.

Treatment usually involves medications such as alpha blockers or 5-alpha reductase inhibitors that relax the muscles around the prostate and bladder neck. In some cases, more invasive therapies may be suggested by your doctor if lifestyle changes and medications do not improve bladder control.

Drinks High in Caffeine or Alcohol

UTI causes

Both caffeine and alcohol act as diuretics and cause frequent urination. When consumed in excess, both can irritate the bladder leading to frequent restroom trips.

If you’re experiencing increased urination from either of these drinks, try to reduce your consumption of them. It’s best to consume no more than one cup of caffeinated beverage per day, as well as no more than one alcoholic drink per day for women or two for men.

Caffeine and alcohol can both have negative health effects, such as dehydration and interfere with sleep.

Therefore, it’s best to limit their intake. If you’re experiencing frequent urination from either of these drinks, try to reduce your consumption of them and reach for healthier alternatives like water, seltzer water or herbal tea instead.

Additionally, consider talking to a healthcare provider about any medications you’re taking that could be contributing to your symptoms, as some medications act as diuretics as well.

Diabetes Mellitus Type II (or DMII)

Causes of Frequent urination

Diabetes Mellitus Type II (or DMII) is another common cause of frequent urination. This type of diabetes is closely associated with obesity and usually affects people over the age of 40.

In this condition, cells become resistant to insulin, so glucose has difficulty entering into cells for energy production.

As a result, blood sugar levels remain elevated, which can lead to increased urine production as the body attempts to eliminate the excess sugar.

To reduce symptoms and frequency of urination, it’s important to maintain healthy blood sugar levels through a combination of diet and exercise.

Kidney Stones or Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)

Kidney diseases

Kidney stones, which are small deposits of minerals or salts in the urinary tract, can cause frequent urination. These stones may also be accompanied by blood in the urine and pain during urination.

PKD, a genetic disorder that affects the kidneys, can also cause frequent urination as well as pain during urination at times. In this condition, cysts form on the inner structures of the kidney causing blockage of urine flow.

Treatment options include medications to reduce discomfort and antibiotics to prevent any infections. Surgery is often necessary to remove an obstruction when medications fail to do so.

Too Much Fluids Intake

Boost metabolism

Consuming too much water can also lead to frequent urination as your body will use the extra water to dilute the concentration of toxins and minerals.

Drinking more than 8 glasses of water per day can result in frequent urination, especially if you’re not properly hydrated to begin with. Drug or alcohol use can also affect the amount of fluid consumed resulting in frequent urination.

Other causes can include lifestyle choices such as overconsumption of caffeine or artificial sweeteners and eating more food with a high amount of sugar, salt, and fat.

These foods can increase your risk of dehydration and also cause your body to release fluids as a result of its attempt to deal with the sudden rise in sodium levels.

This frequent urination is often accompanied by an increase in straining when urinating. If the symptoms are severe, urinary tract infections may occur which should be treated promptly.

Diuretics

Causes of excessive urination

Diuretics are substances that increase urination as part of their mechanism of action. Examples of diuretics include caffeine, alcohol, and certain medications used to assist in the treatment of conditions like hypertension or heart-related abnormalities.

These substances can exert a direct physiological effect on your body’s capacity for storing and excreting water and electrolytes, leading to more frequent trips to the bathroom.

Regular consumption of diuretics in excess can lead to a prolonged state of increased urination, significantly disrupting your daily routine.

If you’re suffering from frequent urination and think it may be caused by an underlying condition, talk to your doctor to discuss lifestyle changes and potential medications that might help reduce the symptoms.

Seek Professional Treatment for Excessive Urination

If excessive urination is a frequent problem for you, it’s important to consult your doctor.

Schedule an appointment as soon as possible so that your doctor can accurately diagnose the cause of your excessive urination and offer the best treatment plan.

Your doctor will likely ask about any other medications or supplements you may be taking, and they may recommend additional tests if needed.

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